Devil's Dyke and the South Downs escarpment
Main walk: 16.3 km (10.1 miles)
Via Valley Ending: 18.6km (11.5 miles)
|Maps||OS Landranger Map No 198. OS Explorer Map OL11 (formerly 122)|
|Toughness||7 out of 10|
It is a matter of opinion which is the finest view in South East England, but the amazing panorama from Devil's Dyke on the South Downs escarpment must surely be a strong contender. Such beauty comes at a price, however, and the area immediately around the viewpoint can be exceedingly busy on a fine weekend. However, the South Downs also afford numerous other less frequented viewpoints, and this walk introduces you to several of them, including tranquil Wolstonbury Hill and Edburton Hill.
The morning in particular is a delightful series of climbs and descents on slopes covered by rare chalk grassland. In the afternoon - which is somewhat easier on the leg muscles, though still with a couple of short uphill sections - you follow the South Downs Way for a while across Fulking Escarpment, before descending into the riverside village of Upper Beeding for tea.
The valley ending - a slightly longer ending to the walk (an additional 2.3km/1.4 miles, making a total walk of 18.6km/11.5 miles) - avoids civilisation all the way into Upper Beeding. It takes you on a dramatic route down the front of the Downs, with magnificent views, and then across tranquil water meadows and pasture to Upper Beeding. Note, however, that this way can be waterlogged in winter and so is not recommended from October to March.
On Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays (daily in July and August) you can do either the morning or afternoon of the walk as a separate outing using bus no.77 from Brighton. The morning of the walk is 8.9km (5.5 miles) and the afternoon 7.4km (4.6 miles) via the main walk route or 9.7km (6 miles) using the valley ending.
GPX files (only - no written directions) are also provided for two alternative endings to this walk which go down to railway stations. Both have rather disappointing urban endings, however. The Fishersgate ending crosses the heart of the downs on an attractive path, but it is last mile crosses a rather industrial part of the Brighton conurbation. The Shoreham ending follows a relatively quiet road, with fine views, but with a substantial walk through surburbs to finish.
Two Thameslink trains an hour go from St Pancras, Blackfriars and London Bridge to Hassocks daily (journey time 57 minutes from London Bridge) and there are also two hourly trains from Victoria on weekdays and one an hour at weekends, taking 54 minutes. Take the train nearest to 9.20am from Victoria or London Bridge to get to lunch in time. The best ticket depends on which bus you take to return from Upper Beeding: see below.
To return from Upper Beeding, there are two options:
- On Mondays to Saturdays only you can get bus number 100 from Upper Beeding to Burgess Hill station, which is one stop up the line (London-bound) from Hassocks. This goes hourly at 08 minutes past the hour until 6.08pm and takes 40 minutes. There is no Sunday service. If taking this option your train ticket only needs to be a day return to Hassocks.
- At other times - until up to 11pm Mondays to Fridays, until 7.40pm on Saturdays and until 6.40pm on Sundays - you can take bus number 2, which runs to Shoreham-by-Sea station hourly. To check times call 01273 886200 or see www.buses.co.uk. From Shoreham there there are two direct trains an hour to London Victoria from Monday to Saturday and one an hour on Sunday (journey time 1 hour 15 minutes); change at East Croydon to get back to London Bridge. If doing this option your train ticket needs to be a day return to Shoreham-by-Sea (NOT Shoreham, Kent).
|Lunch||Wildflour Cafe 7km (4.4 miles) into the walk, this farmyard refreshment kiosk with tables pleasantly arranged around a courtyard, serves cakes, cream teas and hot food such as dahls and chillis, all vegetarian or vegan. It is open 10am to 5pm (at least in summer) Tuesdays to Sunday.
Devil’s Dyke pub (01273 857256, www.vintageinn.co.uk/thedevilsdykebrighton). 8.9km (5.5 miles) into the walk on the lip of the South Downs escarpment, this large pub is always busy but very efficient. It serves food all afternoon daily, so on a fine summer weekend it can be a positive advantage to turn up after the lunchtime rush..
This walk also affords many excellent places for a picnic, including Wolstonbury Hill, the rim of the Devil's Dyke itself, the area in front of the Devil's Dyke pub, and Edburton Hill.
The Kings Head in Upper Beeding (01903 812196) is conveniently sited at the end of the walk, and has quite a large garden (though it is well hidden!).
The Old Tollgate Restaurant & Hotel and the Castle Inn Hotel in Bramber are two possible other tea options: for details see the walk directions pdf.
Hard though it is to believe it now, in their natural state the South Downs would have been thickly forested like the rest of England. The first clearance was in the Neolithic period (the Stone Age), when the Downs were favoured by settlers for their easily cultivated soil and defensive advantage. Later the Downs were more used for animal pasture, creating unique chalk grasslands. Grazing kept the grass short, enabling a wide range of wild flowers to grow. During the Second World War and with the advent of modern farming, large areas of the Downs were ploughed up to grow cereals, The remaining pastures were often neglected, allowing the spread of bushes and reducing wild flower populations. Conservation efforts today tend to focus on reintroducing grazing to the remaining grasslands: the sheep or cows you see on this walk are thus very much workers in the environmental cause.
The South Downs Way, created in 1972, was the Britain's first long distance bridleway. Many of the paths it uses, as well as the broad paths that climb slantways up the front of the Downs escarpment to join it, were originally drove roads for moving livestock herds.
It used to be assumed that Wolstonbury Hill was an Iron Age (600-100 BC) fort, but recent research by the University of Bournemouth has cast doubt on that. The fact that its earth rampart is outside of the ditch not the other way round suggests that it may in fact have been a stock pen for keeping cattle or other livestock in. However, it the researchers also concluded it was probably a bit older than originally thought - late Bronze Age, perhaps
Devil's Dyke is a steep sided valley, characteristic of the South Downs, and caused by water erosion. One legend has it that the valley was an attempt by the Devil to dig a channel to the sea in order to flood southern England and prevent the spread of Christianity. (If so, he was digging in the wrong direction). A local farm woman supposedly scared the Devil away by lighting a candle and setting her cockerels crowing.
Bramber Castle (slightly off the route: see directions in the text) is a ruined Norman castle that once dominated a huge estate in the South of England and was originally on an inlet of the sea. Built shortly after the Norman Conquest in 1066, it was one of five key castles that guarded strategic valleys leading down to the south coast, and thus protecting William the Conqueror's supply lines to Normandy. Occupied by the de Braose family, it fell into disrepair after the family died out in 1394. It is now open to the public (free entry: no fixed hours). There is not a whole lot to see, but the surprisingly large site has a certain romantic air and fine views in winter (obscured by foliage in the summer). The Church of St Nicholas is one part of the castle that survives intact. St Mary's House in Bramber is also worth a visit. A fifteenth century house, it is open to the public from 2pm to 6pm on Thursdays, Sundays and bank holiday Mondays from Easter to September
An earlier version of this walk was published in Time Out Country Walks near London volume 2. We now recommend using this online version as the book is now dated.
|South Downs Way||
This walk is one of 9 stages of the South Downs Way - a 109 mile national long distance path - that traverses the South Downs National Park in South East England.
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Out (not a train station)
National Rail: 03457 48 49 50 • Travelline SE (bus times): 0871 200 2233 (12p/min) • TFL (London) : 0343 222 1234
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Full directions for this walk are in a PDF file (link above) which you can print, or download on to a Kindle, tablet, or smartphone.
This is just the introduction. This walk's detailed directions are in a PDF available from wwww.walkingclub.org.uk